It's high time to snap out of this particular bad habit: skipping breakfast.
A new study conducted by the University of Hohenheim in Germany revealed that not taking your morning meal could lead to an increase in inflammation, which may lead to obesity and Type 2 diabetes.
Published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, the researchers tested 17 healthy adults on three different days.
Here’s what they did:
Day 1 - The participants missed breakfast
Day 2 - They had three regular meals
Day 3 - They skipped dinner
Despite the change in eating habits, the calorie, protein, and fat breakdown during the three-day experiment were the same for each person. The study also states that on days with a skipped meal, the extra calories from the remaining two made up for it.
Throughout the experiment, the participants also had their blood samples collected between 7 and 9 a.m. to measure hormone levels, glucose and insulin concentrations, and immune cell activity. It was found that glucose concentrations and markers of inflammation and insulin resistance were higher after lunch on days without breakfast, with more of their stored fat reserves broken down.
That may sound like a good thing for those who are planning to lose the extra weight, but the researchers say it has a dangerous downside, which is the impairment of one's metabolic flexibility. “Metabolic flexibility is the body’s ability to switch between burning fat and carbohydrates—which may in the long term lead to low-grade inflammation and impaired glucose homeostasis. This deficiency could potentially raise the risk for obesity and type 2 diabetes,” according to the research.
Considering the size of the study—only 17 participants—it's clear that further investigation needs to be done. But better be safe than sorry—don’t skip that pandesal or sinangag tomorrow morning.