Common belief is that a curriculum vitae (CV) and a resume are one and the same. While both are used to screen applicants for jobs, there’s a huge difference between the two.
“A resume is not a CV” says Mark Nichol T. Turija, Content Marketing Specialist for JobStreet Philippines. “A CV requires you to detail your entire education and employment history, while an ideal resume should actually just be a summarized version of that, preferably a one-pager for fresh graduates and junior executives and a two-pager for those with more than five years’ experience.”
To help you further, get to know the three major differences between CVs and resumes: The purpose, the length, and the layout.
THE CURRICULUM VITAE
What is a CV? The CV or Curriculum Vitae (which means “course of life” in Latin), is a longer document that includes a more detailed description of your years in the academia. It includes all the publications, awards, honors, affiliations, research projects, certifications, presentations, and all your other academic accomplishments. Employment experience, contact information, and your references are also included.
How long should it be? A CV is lengthier since it has more information—preferably 3 pages or more.
How should we write it? For an easy overview of your full working career, the information should be laid out in reverse chronological format.
Where to use it? This type of document is used if you are pursuing positions in academics or research, or for applying for fellowships or grants.
What is a Resume? A resume is a concise overview of your employment years. It's more focused on previous relevant work experience and work-related accomplishments. This document highlights your skills and experiences, and relates it to the position you’re applying for.
How long should it be? Resumes are typically 1 to 2 pages in length.
How should we write it? Resume formats can vary. JobStreet Philippines advises that you write it in any of the following formats:
-In a chronological format, where you start with your latest or current job, then work backwards chronologically.
-In a functional format, where you group together your experiences according to the functions or skill sets you want to highlight, and go first with the most relevant experience or the largest chunk of experience that enabled to you hone that particular skill set.
Where to use it? This type of document is mainly used for applying jobs.
THE CURRICULUM VITAE VERSUS THE RESUME
In short, a resume is a brief summary of your skills and experience in one or two pages, while a CV is more detailed and can stretch well beyond two pages. The resume should be tailored for the job position you are applying for. One the other hand, the CV is static, and any changes should be indicated in the cover letter.
“The best thing to do is to list down a detailed description of your education and employment history, which will become your CV,” JobStreet Philippines adds. “And then start taking items off of it until it can fit one or two pages, which, then will be your resume.”