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Jun 16, 2015
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Relax, it happens all the time. Even to the best of us. Whenever you look at a gadget's specs sheet, read or watch product reviews, go through recaps of tech conferences, or see ads for new devices, there will be one or several terms in there you've never heard of.

Yes, tito, we know how it feels. We've been there. But before anyone tells you to IGMG, we give you a list of the newer terms increasingly used in the world of tech. And no, we're not talking about the "usuals" such as 3D, Wi-Fi, or HD. You probably know those already. The ones below will make you scratch your head!


4G AND 5G

Nope, it's not four grand and five grand. These Gs refer to mobile networks—fourth generation and fifth generation, respectively. 4G means that aside from voice and SMS, you also get broadband Internet in your mobile devices. It's the reason you can go online with your phone, make Internet calls and stream music, and post all your priceless selfies on your social media accounts (among other uses and abuses).

new tech terms

As for 5G (also called LTE-A or Advanced Long Term Evolution), it was on the local news last year, particularly when Smart announced that it's up and running in their network. Among the promises of 5G are faster Internet speeds and better coverage. Too bad we're still far off from true and widespread 5G implementation, but its ads sound nice, right?


4K UHD AND 5K

The bulky black idiot boxes of old have long been replaced by super-slim (still black) panels, with visuals that look like they're about to spill over from the screen to your living room. You know of high-definition TV; now we're all about Ultra High-Definition (UHD), particularly 4K UHD TVs—like the monster LG TVs we drooled over back in March.

If a device is labeled as 4K, that means it's packing over eight million pixels in its display. And when your TV's marketed as being "4K UHD," it has a resolution of 3840 x 2160, and a 16:9 aspect ratio, trumping your usual Full-HD display (1920 x 1080) by a mile in terms of sheer pixel count. Theoretically, more pixels mean more detail and better overall image quality, which explains the hype.

But wait, there's more! If 4K isn't big enough for you, you can go for 5K UHD TV sets. These have a whopping resolution of 5120 x 2280, and are already found on several devices from Dell, Apple, LG, and Samsung.

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ULTRAPIXEL

In recent years, several smartphones have come out sporting the so-called "UltraPixel" technology. First seen in the HTC One, it has since shown up in other phones like the M8, and even the Starmobile UP Snap.

The spiel behind UltraPixel cameras is this: Having bigger pixels results in more light captured per shot, which then leads to better image quality even in low-light environments. Yep, it's not about the number of megapixels anymore, which is a good thing if you ask us.


HEXA-CORE AND OCTA-CORE

new tech terms
Here comes another tech battlefield: The number of CPU cores a device has. We've zoomed past single, dual, and quad-core relatively quickly, and now we're on hexa-core and octa-core territory. Basically: hexacore = six cores; octa-core = eight cores. More cores = increased ability to multitask, and faster processing speeds.


IPV6

Every device you use to go online—smartphone, tablet, phablet, laptop, desktop—has a unique IP address (a unique set of numbers that labels every gadget online) that serves as an identifier. And apparently, these IP addresses can run out. It actually happened in 2011. Surprise!

new tech terms

Here's where Internet Protocol version 6 or IPv6 comes into play. The latest version of the IP system replaces the older IPv4 and has a capacity of 340 trillion trillion trillion addresses compared to IPv4's "measly" 4.3 billion.

The downside: Versions 4 and 6 don't play nice with each other (read: compatibility issues), which means networks and devices that work with IPv6 may not work with their IPv4 counterparts. Bummer.


ISOCELL


If HTC was the first to boast of UltraPixel cameras in its smartphones, then Samsung does the same for ISOCELL, a tech that it developed in-house and found in the Galaxy S6 and Galaxy S6 Edge. And what is it exactly? According to Sammy, it's a feature that "increases light sensitivity and effectively controls the absorption of electrons, resulting in higher color fidelity even in poor lighting conditions." That's geek speak for reproducing more realistic colors and enough brightness, even in shooting situations that will make you squint hard.


3D BIOPRINTING

3D printers that make loads of cool stuff have been in the news for some time now. Heck, our beloved CDR-King even has one on hand for P40,000!

Now, imagine that tech applied to medicine and health care. Here, have a heart. Or an arm, liver, kidney, ear...anything your ailing body needs. Awesome, right? That's 3D bioprinting, a tech that prints functional human tissue. Sounds too sci-fi? Well, to be honest, we're still a long, long way from making it as mainstream and accessible as cough syrup or pain relievers, but at least we know it's real.

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BIG.LITTLE

new tech terms

One man can't do everything alone. Turns out the same goes for processors: CPU-making company ARM developed a technology called "big.LITTLE" which pairs one high-performance CPU with an efficient and low-power CPU, leading to a working love-team for mobile devices. The products of this tandem: lower energy consumption, and improved processing performance. Noice!


INTERNET OF THINGS

We all own things. But some of your things are not just things. Aside from helping us live everyday life and making us more efficient, these special items can connect to the Internet and be even more helpful. These connected things are collectively called the Internet of Things or IoT.

new tech terms

And we're not just talking about computers and mobile devices. That smart refrigerator, the self-driving car, the workout watch, the automated home system: They all make up the ever-expanding IoT. It will impact every aspect of human life, and while it's gonna be exciting to see how it all turns out, we can't help but think of:

new tech terms


BIG DATA


The word "data" already refers to sizable information sets derived from every human action made online. But what if it's so large, you can't even use what you normally use (e.g. virtual databases and software) to retrieve vital info from it? You call that big data. There's no specific quantity or size, although the term is usually used to describe petabytes (over 1,000 terabytes) and exabytes (over 1 million terabytes) of information. Whew!


Want to get more deets on all things geek? Click here for the rest of our FHM TechKnow series!

GIFs via Techinasia.com, Giphy.com
Images via Pcworld.com, Fraudtechwire.com
Videos via Intel UK, Organovoinc, SamsungSemiUS, HTC on YouTube

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