Do you taste something metallic in your mouth? Do you notice a bit of pink when you spit out toothpaste after brushing? If your answer is yes, then you've got to pay more attention to what's going on inside your mouth as this could be a sign of a serious disease.
Dr. Margielyn Jorgio, a licensed dentist based in Pangasinan, says bleeding gums might be caused by an improper way of brushing. She adds that hard-bristled brushes aren't exactly reliable when removing tooth stains and hard dental deposits.
"Sa thickness pa lang, there's more chance na ma-distribute 'yung pressure sa oral tissues that may cause trauma and gingival bleeding. So opt for soft-bristled toothbrush as it relaxes the gingiva with its flexibility." She warns: "Brushing your teeth vigorously can result in many of the same problems as using a medium or hard bristle."
Another reason for gum bleeding is gingivitis—the first stage of gum disease, which is painless and is often caused by bacterial infection.
"The inflammation of gingiva is usually caused plaque buildup along the gumline. When gingivitis occurs, your gums may become reddish and swollen. This might lead to halitosis or in other words bad breath," she says.
If left untreated, the plaque may harden into tartar, which can progress into a more serious gum disease like periodontitis.
"Kung 'yung gingivitis gums lang ang inflamed, sa periodontitis damaged din ang alveiolar bone, cementum, and periodontal ligament. These are the tissues and bones that support your teeth. This is a much bigger problem since the destruction on the oral structures is much wider. It could even lead to loss of teeth," Dr. Jorgio explains.
In some cases though, gum bleeding may be a sign that you are suffering from factor VIII deficiency, low platelet count, and leukemia.
"These systemic diseases are involved in bleeding tendencies. Since soft tissue ang gums, pag may mild irritation nag be-bleed agad."
The best way to prevent these problems is simple: level up your oral care routine.
Dr. Jorgio advises: "Make sure you have good oral hygiene. Plaque, bacteria, and tartar respond well to good brushing and flossing as well as regular dental check-ups."